Eye, Ear Medications

Ophthalmic (Eye) Medications

Medication (Generic Name)


Common Side Effects

Adverse Effects

Nursing Considerations

Latanoprost (Prostaglandin Analog)

Glaucoma, Ocular Hypertension

Stinging, eye redness, eyelash changes

Iris pigmentation, eyelash growth, macular edema

Instruct patients to apply in the evening; monitor for changes in eye color and vision.

Timolol (Beta-Blocker)

Glaucoma, Ocular Hypertension

Burning, stinging, blurred vision

Bradycardia, bronchospasm, heart block

Assess for contraindications (e.g., heart or respiratory conditions); monitor heart rate.

Brimonidine (Alpha Agonist)

Glaucoma, Ocular Hypertension

Dry mouth, eye irritation, fatigue

Allergic reactions, hypotension, CNS effects

Advise patients on proper instillation technique; monitor blood pressure.

Dorzolamide (Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor)

Glaucoma, Ocular Hypertension

Bitter taste, eye burning, blurred vision

Metabolic acidosis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome

Monitor for signs of metabolic acidosis; educate on proper administration.

Prednisolone (Corticosteroid)

Ocular Inflammation, Allergic Conjunctivitis

Temporary stinging, blurred vision

Increased intraocular pressure, cataracts, delayed wound healing

Caution in glaucoma patients; monitor for elevated IOP.

Ciprofloxacin (Antibiotic)

Bacterial Eye Infections

Burning, itching, redness

Allergic reactions, corneal deposits, secondary infections

Educate on proper hand hygiene and administration; monitor for adverse reactions.

Ear Medications

Medication (Generic Name)


Common Side Effects

Adverse Effects

Nursing Considerations

Acetic Acid Solution

Otitis Externa (Swimmer’s Ear)

Temporary stinging, burning

Allergic reactions, irritation, pain

Educate on proper administration; ensure the ear canal is free from obstructions.

Ciprofloxacin-Dexamethasone (Combination)

Otitis Media with Otorrhea

Ear discomfort, itching

Allergic reactions, secondary infections

Monitor for signs of infection; educate on appropriate administration technique.

Hydrocortisone (Topical Corticosteroid)

Otitis Externa, Otitis Media

Temporary stinging, itching

Thinning of the ear canal skin, delayed wound healing

Caution in patients with perforated eardrum; monitor for adverse effects on the ear canal.

Neomycin-Polymyxin B-Hydrocortisone (Combination)

Otitis Externa

Temporary stinging, itching

Allergic reactions, ototoxicity, fungal infections

Assess for signs of ototoxicity; educate on appropriate use and duration.

Gentamicin (Aminoglycoside Antibiotic)

Severe Otitis Externa

Ear discomfort, temporary hearing loss

Ototoxicity, vestibular disturbances

Monitor hearing; caution in patients with perforated eardrum; educate on proper administration.

Acetaminophen (Oral)

Ear Pain (Analgesic)

Nausea, stomach upset

Liver toxicity (rare at therapeutic doses)

Administer as directed for pain relief; educate on appropriate dosing.